Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
A Note about CSE Citations
Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (8th ed.) includes three different systems for in-text citations: Citation-Sequence, Name-Year, and Citation-Name. The system you choose for your in-text references will determine how you organize the references at the end of your paper. The end references are very similar across the three systems, although the date placement is different for the Name-Year system.
At UMW, the Name-Year system is used more frequently than the other two, but different professors may prefer different systems. Consult your instructor as to which version of CSE is preferred for your class.
CSE Manual in Simpson Library
CSE (Council of Science Editors)
CSE Style Examples: Scientific Style and Format Citation Quick Guide
From the CSE Manual Online
Click the tabs to see examples of how to format your end references for the different systems.
While the order of these references differs, the end references for Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name are formatted the same way. The date placement for Name-Year end references is different.
CSE Citation Examples
Prepared by Northwest Missouri State University.
CSE Quick Guide
Prepared by the Penn State University Libraries.
Journal Abbreviations and Titles
NLM Journal Abbreviations
Locate journal abbreviations listed in Medline and PubMed Central.
CAS Source Index (CASSI) Search Tool
CSE Style requires you to use the official abbreviation for journal names, rather than the full titles. You can find these abbreviated names by searching the CASSI website. Remove any punctuation from the abbreviated title to comply with CSE style guidelines.
List of Title Word Abbreviations (LTWA)
A searchable list of the standardized abbreviations for words in journal titles. You may use either this tool or the CASSI tool to find the correct abbreviations for your citations.
Zotero Guide (UMW Libraries)
Zotero is a free browser extension that allows you to collect sources and create bibliographies within your web browser. Visit the Zotero website
to download or visit our Zotero guide to learn more
ZoteroBib is a free service that helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device, without creating an account or installing any software.