Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
UMW Libraries
Simpson Library | Special Collections

Research Skills for First-Year Seminars (FSEMs)

Reading Citations

If you know how to read a citation, you can find the source that’s being cited, and maybe use that source yourself. [paragraph break] Below are some general examples. The citations that you find may look slightly different, depending on the style that they’re written in, but they’ll all contain the same common elements.

Citation: Article

Citations to journal or magazine articles usually include these elements:

  • Author
  • Article title
  • Journal or magazine title
  • Volume number
  • Issue number
  • Date of publication
  • Pages

Article Citation Example

Citation: Book

Citations to books usually include these elements:

  • Author or editor of the book
  • Title of book
  • Publisher and city of publication
  • Date of publication

Book Citation Example

Citation: Book Chapter

Citations to book chapters usually include these elements:

  • Author or editor of the book
  • Title of chapter
  • Title of book
  • Publisher and city of publication
  • Date of publication
  • Chapter page numbers

Book Chapter Citation